TIMELINE of Computing1.1976
US Presidential candidate JimmyCarter uses e-mail to plan campaign events. Queen Elizabethsends her first e-mail. She's the first state leader to use this service.
The word "Internet" is used for the first time, short for "internetwork".
Domain Name System (DNS) is established, with network addresses identified by extensions such as .com,.org, and .edu. Novelist William Gibson coins the term "Cyberspace".
Quantum Computer Services, whcih later changes its name to America Online, debuts. It offers e-mail, electronic bulletin boards, news, and other information.
A Virus called the Internet Worm temporarily shuts down about 10 percent of the world's Internet servers.
The first effort to index the Internet is created by Peter Deutsch at McGill University in Montreal, who devises Archie, an archive of FTP sites.
Marc Andreessen develops Mosaic at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA). It becomes the dominant system for navigating the World Wide Web.
The White House launches its website, www.whitehouse.gov.
Initial commerce site are established and mass marketing campaigns are launched via e-mail, introducing the term 'spamming'.
Marc Andreessen and Jim Clark introduce the Navigator browser.
CompuServe, America Online, and Prodigy start providing dial-up Internet access. Sun Microsys tems launches Java.
Around 45 million people are using the Internet, with roughly 30 million of those in the US and Canada, 9 million in Europe, and 6 million in Asia Pacific.
On july 8, Internet traffic records are broken as the NASA website broadcast images taken by Pathfinder on Mars.
"e-commerce" becomes the new buzzword as Internet shopping repaidly spreads.
College student Shawn Fanning invents Napster, a computer application that allows users to swap music over the Internet.
Deviant computer programmers begin spreading viruses with increased frequency. The Internet bubble bursts, as the fountain of investment capital dries up and the Nasdaq plummets.
Napster is dealt a fatal blow when the 9th US circuit court of Appeal in San Francisco rules that the company is violating copyright laws.
A staggering 58.5 percent of the US population uses the Internet.
It's estimated that Internet users illegally download about 2.6 billion music files each month.